By Nayma Nishat
Physical Health assessment is important in identifying the person’s physical Health Issues or problems. It is generally considered as the first step which helps to identify the medical need of a person.
Wikipedia says, “A health assessment is a plan of care that identifies the specific needs of a person and how those needs will be addressed by the health care system or skilled nursing facility. The health assessment is the evaluation of the health status by performing a physical exam after taking a health history. It is done to detect diseases early in people that may look and feel well.”
The four basic methods or techniques for physical health assessment are:
1. Inspection, 2. Palpation, 3. Percussion and 4. Auscultation
Inspection: Inspection is a visual examination of the patient.
Palpation: Palpation is done when the patient doing the assessment places his fingers on the body to determine things like swelling, masses, and areas of pain.
Percussion: Percussion is tapping the patient’s bodily surfaces and hearing the resulting sounds to determine the presence of things like air and solid masses affecting internal organs.
Auscultation: Lastly, auscultation is listening to an area of the body using a stethoscope. For example, bowel sounds, lung sounds and heart sounds are auscultated with a stethoscope. The sounds that are heard with auscultation are classified and described according to their duration, pitch, intensity and quality.
A physical health assessment includes:
History taking is the first step of Physical Health Assessment. The general framework for history taking is as follows:
A thorough physical assessment consists of the following:
Here we can see, the physical health assessment is an evaluation of the physical health status of a patient and the purpose of the assessment is to establish health continuum for a patient, is because this guides how to approach and treat the patient.
And please remember Physical Health Assessment is not the treatment or treatment plan. It is the plan related to findings is a care plan which is preceded by the specialty such as medical, physical therapy, nursing, etc.
My mission is to help you learn so that you can follow and apply the concepts for your better health, and I really hope this article could help you. Now you can help others, just by sharing this article. You can go through my next article physical health examination to learn more.
By Nayma Nishat Post : Oct 22, 2018
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